In today’s digital world, both individuals and businesses require a powerful website. However, finding a trustworthy hosting company is an important step in creating a website. Amazon Web Services (AWS) EC2 provides a strong and scalable infrastructure for hosting websites, making it a great alternative for your hosting requirements.

Step-by-step instructions for how to host a website on AWS EC2 are provided in this article. We will go through the basics from creating your EC2 instance to configuring security groups and domain name mapping. So, let us start!

What is AWS EC2?

Amazon Web Services (AWS) offers a web service called Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), which allows users to rent instances in the cloud as servers. EC2 also offers adjustable computing capacity and allows users to quick launch and manage virtual servers based on their specific needs.

With EC2, customers can select from a wide range of instance types that optimize various workloads, including general-purpose, memory-optimized, compute-optimized, GPU instances, and more. Also each instance type has a unique set of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capabilities to meet the demands of various applications.

Requirements to host a website on AWS EC2

Frequently, you will need the following to host a website on AWS EC2:

AWS Account: You will need an access of AWS account and to use EC2 and other AWS services.

Domain Name: You must have a registered domain name or that you may purchase from a domain operator.

EC2 Instance: Create an EC2 instance that fulfils your website’s computing resource (CPU, memory, storage), operating system, and network configuration needs.

Security Group: Create a security group for your EC2 instance to manage inbound and outgoing traffic. Configure appropriate rules to allow HTTP/HTTPS traffic (port 80 and/or port 443) for web traffic.

Key Pair: Create or import an SSH key pair to securely access your EC2 instance through SSH.

Operating System: Select an operating system for your EC2 instance, such as Amazon Linux, Ubuntu, or Windows Server. Make sure that you have the knowledge and abilities required to configure and manage the chosen operating system.

Web Server: Install and set up the web server software on your EC2 instance, such as Apache HTTP Server, Nginx, or Microsoft IIS, based on your preferences and application requirements.

Application Deployment: Upload your website’s files and content to the Amazon EC2 instance. Uploading HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and media files, as well as setting any relevant databases or backend services, may be required.

SSL Certificate (Optional): If HTTPS is necessary for your website (recommended for security and SEO reasons), you must obtain an SSL certificate. This can be obtained via a certificate authority (CA) or from AWS Certificate Manager (ACM).

DNS Setup: Setup DNS settings to point your domain name to the public IP address of your EC2 instance. Typically, this entails generating an A record or a CNAME record in your domain registrar’s DNS control interface.

Monitoring and Management: Configure monitoring and logging for your EC2 instance using AWS CloudWatch or other monitoring solutions. This will assist you in tracking the performance, health, and resource utilization of your website.

Types of EC2 Instances

AWS EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) offers a variety of instance kinds, each designed to meet the needs of different workloads. Here are some examples of EC2 instance types that are commonly used:

General Purpose:

  1. t3.nano, t3.micro and t3.small: Burstable instances appropriate for low-traffic applications and tiny workloads ().
  2. m5.large, m5.xlarge and m5.2xlarge: Well-balanced instances with a solid mix of computation, memory, and network capabilities.
  3. m6g.large, m6g.xlarge, m6g.2xlarge: Instances powered by AWS Graviton2 processors, providing a cost-performance balance.

Optimised computing:

  1. c5.large, c5.xlarge, c5.2xlarge: Instances optimised for compute-intensive workloads, such as high-performance applications and batch processing.
  2. c6g.large, c6g.xlarge, c6g.2xlarge: Instances powered by AWS Graviton2 processors, offering great price-performance for compute-intensive workloads.

Memory Optimisation:

  1. r5.large, r5.xlarge, r5.2xlarge: Instances optimised for memory-intensive workloads such as in-memory databases and real-time analytics.
  2. r6g.large, r6g.xlarge, r6g.2xlarge: Instances powered by AWS Graviton2 processors, with a balance of memory and price-performance.

Storage Optimized:

  1. i3.large, i3.xlarge, and i3.2xlarge: Instances optimized for high-speed, low-latency storage, suited for data-intensive workloads and large-scale databases ().
  2. d2.large, d2.xlarge, d2.2xlarge: Dense storage instances optimized for applications requiring high disc throughput and huge datasets ().

FPGA Instances:

  1. f1.2xlarge, f1.4xlarge, f1.16xlarge: FPGA-equipped instances, perfect for hardware acceleration and specialized logic implementations.

Why do we use AWS EC2 Instance?

Scalability, flexibility, cost efficiency, ease of management, global availability, security, high availability, automation capabilities, and seamless interaction within the AWS environment make AWS EC2 instances popular. They allow enterprises to meet fluctuating workload demands, select the appropriate compute resources, decrease infrastructure management costs, improve user experience, maintain data security, handle failures, use DevOps practice, and simply transition to the cloud or establish hybrid deployments.

When to use AWS EC2 instance to host website?

AWS EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) is a highly versatile and scalable service with numerous use cases. In fact, many people commonly use it to host websites and applications, create development and testing environments, perform big data processing and high-performance computing tasks, manage batch processing and scheduled tasks, implement disaster recovery strategies, enable hybrid cloud deployments, and handle burst workloads.

With EC2, you can easily provision and manage virtual servers based on your individual needs, allowing you to scale your infrastructure rapidly and optimize resource utilization. Therefore, EC2 offers a flexible and dependable cloud-based computing platform across a wide range of computing demands.

How to host a website on AWS EC2?

Visit to access the AWS Management Console.

Use your AWS account details to log in.

  1. To create an EC2 instance
  2. Search EC2 in search box >> Select EC2

sudo su –

yum update  -y

yum install -y httpd

systemctl status httpd

systemctl enable httpd

systemctl start httpd

mkdir temp

cd temp

wget paste the link of your website

ls -lrt

Command is: unzip file name


ls -lrt

cd complex

ls -lrt

mv * /var/www/html/

cd /var/www/html

ls -lrt

You have successfully hosted a website on AWS EC2 instance.

Costing of AWS EC2 Instance

Although we are hosting this instance on a free tier, let’s look at how much an EC2 instance costs.

The cost of hosting a website on AWS EC2 depends on variables such as instance type, storage, data transfer, and additional services required. You can refer to the AWS Pricing Calculator or the EC2 Pricing page on the AWS website for detailed pricing information.

Features of AWS EC2

Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) has a number of features that combine to make it a strong and flexible solution for running virtual servers in the cloud. AWS EC2 has a number of important features, such as:

Drawbacks of AWS EC2

While Amazon EC2 has various advantages, there are a few drawbacks to consider:

Usage of AWS EC2

AWS EC2 instances are used for many things, including:


Can I host multiple websites on a single EC2 instance?

Yes, you can host multiple websites on a single EC2 instance by configuring virtual hosts in your web server settings. Each website can have its own domain name and configuration.

How can I ensure the security of my EC2 instance?

To ensure the security of your EC2 instance, follow best practices like regularly updating your server’s operating system and web server software, using strong passwords, and implementing appropriate security groups and firewall rules.

Is it necessary to choose an SSL/TLS certificate for my website?

While not mandatory, using an SSL/TLS certificate enhances the security of your website and builds trust with users.

Can I use an existing domain name with my EC2 instance?

Yes, you can use an existing domain name with your EC2 instance. You need to update the DNS settings of your domain to point to your EC2 instance’s Public IP address.

Can I scale my website hosted on EC2?

Yes, you can scale your EC2-hosted website by adding or eliminating instances to meet shifting traffic and workload demands.


The detailed instructions in this article will help you effectively host a website on AWS EC2 and make use of the robust AWS infrastructure. AWS EC2 web hosting provides scalability, reliability, and flexibility. Remember to keep your EC2 instance secure and to maintain a handle on the efficiency of your website.